The growing popularity of cannabis is evident, but many people lack a standard knowledge about the plant. Here are some basic facts about cannabis that can help you better understand the cannabis plant:

 

1. Marijuana is derived from the Cannabis plant. 

The main active ingredient in cannabis the part that gives the “high” feeling is called THC, which stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. THC acts on specific molecules in the body known as cannabinoid receptors, which are mostly found in the brain. Different cannabis products have different levels of THC.

Cannabidiol, or CBD, lacks the colorful high commonly associated with your traditional marijuana high and doesn't have much of a noticeable effect when isolated. When combined with THC, the relaxing effect combats any feelings of paranoia or panic that can sometimes be felt under the influence.

Among the cannabinoids in cannabis, the main psychoactive compound, THC, often outshines the one that provides a natural anti-anxiety, anti-epileptic and antipsychotic effect.

 
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2. Cannabis has different Strains

Cannabis strains can be pure or hybrid varieties, usually derived from the two major species of cannabis: Indica and sativa. Different strains have been bred to intensify certain characteristics of cannabis. One of the most popular strains is OG Kush. It has the highest THC content of all Kush strains and is recognized as one of the strongest cannabis strains.

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3. Cannabis can be consumed in a number of ways

A common method of smoking is with a pipe. A water bong is a special type of pipe that passes smoke through water and is regarded by some as an effective way to reduce exposure to carcinogens in smoke.

Another method of consuming cannabis is by eating it in the form of edibles. Steeping it as a tea is also an option.

Out of all these methods, researchers and doctors agree that using a vaporizer is the safest way to consume cannabis. Vaporizers heat the cannabis to a point that vaporizes the active ingredients without burning it, thus eliminating the harmful effects of smoking.

4. Cannabis has physical and psychological effects

he effects of cannabis begin within a few minutes after inhalation and can last a few hours. THC is absorbed more slowly when it’s taken as a food or liquid and the effects take longer to be felt.

The high can affect a user physically in a number of ways, including an increased heart rate, dry mouth, bloodshot/glazed eyes and an increase in appetite (often referred to as the “munchies”).

When a user is high, they most commonly feel euphoria and a sedative tranquility. Effects may also include lowered inhibitions, drowsiness, and silliness/giddiness. Some users also report anxiety and paranoid.

5. The legality of cannabis varies by state and country

Countries around the world have different laws about the use of cannabis recreationally and medicinally. There are also different regulations for possession and sale of the drug.

Cannabis is decriminalized in many countries, meaning it’s prohibited but is not considered a criminal offense and would merit minor penalties.

Recreational cannabis is legal in some U.S. states, including Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska. It is medically legal in 25 states and decriminalized in 20 states.